Outcome measures

This guidance provides information about measures to help assess a person's current or future health status and to demonstrate the effectiveness of treatment. Includes links to various resources.

Last updated

Wednesday 13 May 2020

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Introduction

Measures of health status and healthcare outcomes are tools to assess a person's current or future health status and demonstrate the effectiveness of treatment.

Below you can access measures used by clinicians on the WorkSafe Clinical Panel. The list is not exhaustive but includes measures that are particularly useful in clinical practice. Using the links provided, you can download and print the measure, or complete and score it online. All measures are free to use.

For terms you may be unfamiliar with, see the Definitions section on this page.

Non-specific measures

General Measures

Patient Global Impression of Change (PGIC)/Global Rating of Change (GRC)

Patient Specific Functional Scale (PSFS)

  1. Type
    • evaluative

Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire (WPAI)

  1. Type

Screening measures

General measures

Orebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening Questionnaire (OMSPQ)

  1. Type
    • discriminative
    • predictive

Short Form Orebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening Questionnaire (OMSPQ-10)

  1. Type
    • discriminative
    • predictive

Keele STarT Back Screening Tool

  1. Type
    • discriminative
    • predictive

WhipPredict

  1. Type
    • discriminative
    • predictive

Pain measures

General measures

Brief Pain Inventory (BPI)

  1. Type
    • discriminative of pain severity
    • evaluative

Pain Self Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ)

  1. Type
    • discriminative of severity
    • evaluative

Pain Catastrophising Scale (PCS)

  1. Type
    • discriminative of severity of pain catastrophising
    • evaluative
    • predictive of persistent pain, disability and a poor return to work outcome

Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK)

  1. Type
    • evaluative
    • predictive

Self report Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs Scale (s-LANSS)

  1. Type
    • discriminative for neuropathic and nociceptive pain
    • evaluative

painDETECT

  1. Type
    • discriminative for neuropathic pain components in adults with low back pain

Musculoskeletal measures

Back and lower limb

Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Score (HOOS)

  1. Type

Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS)

  1. Type
    • evaluative

Foot and Ankle Disability Index (FADI)

  1. Type
    • evaluative

Oswestry Disability Questionnaire (ODQ)

Québec Back Pain Disability Scale (QBPDS)

  1. Type
    • evaluative

Back Bournemouth Questionnaire

Head, neck and upper limb

Disabilities of the Arm Shoulder and Hand (DASH)

  1. Type
    • evaluative

Quick DASH

  1. Type
    • evaluative

Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI)

  1. Type

Upper Extremity Functional Index (UEFI)

  1. Type
    • evaluative

Whiplash Disability Questionnaire (WDQ)

Headache Disability Index (HDI)

  1. Type
    • evaluative

Neck Disability Index (NDI)

  1. Type
    • evaluative

Neck Bournemouth Questionnaire

Disability measures

Balance

Functional Independence Sitting Test (FIST)

  1. Type

5x sit to stand

  1. Type
    • evaluative
    • predictive

Timed Up and Go (TUG)

  1. Type
    • evaluative
    • predictive

Step Test

  1. Type
    • evaluative

Functional Reach Test

  1. Type
    • evaluative

Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest)

  1. Type
    • discriminative
    • evaluative

Mobility

10-metre walk test

  1. Type
    • evaluative
    • predictive

6-minute walk test

  1. Type
    • evaluative

HiMAT

  1. Type

Upper limb

Action Research Arm Test (ARAT)

  1. Type
    • evaluative

Wheelchair User's Shoulder Pain Index (WUSPI)

  1. Type
    • evaluative

Goal setting

Goal Attainment Scale (GAS)

  1. Type
    • evaluative

Quality of life

Community Integration Questionnaire – Revised (CIQ–R)

Performance measures

30-second chair stand test

  1. Type

40-metre fast-paced walk

  1. Type

6-minute walk test

  1. Type

Psychological measures

Depression, anxiety (dis)stress

Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale 42 Item (DASS-42)

  1. Type
    • discriminative
    • evaluative

Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale 21 Item (DASS-21)

  1. Type
    • discriminative
    • evaluative

Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K-10)

  1. Type
    • evaluative
    • predictive

Post-traumatic stress disorder

Impact of Events Scale – Revised (IES–R)

  1. Type
    • discriminative
    • predictive

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist – 5 (PCL–5)

  1. Type
    • discriminative
    • evaluative
    • predictive

Substance abuse

Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test short form (AUDIT-C)

  1. Type
    • discriminative

Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)

  1. Type
    • evaluative
    • predictive

Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT)

  1. Type
    • discriminative
    • evaluative

Child/Adolescent

Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 – Child/Adolescent version (CAPS-CA-5)

  1. Type
    • discriminative
    • evaluative

Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)

  1. Type
    • evaluative
    • predictive

Neuropsychology

Overt Behaviour Scale (OBS)

  1. Type
    • evaluative

Definitions

Types of measures

Other terms