(Updated 6 March 2020)
This safety alert is an update to an alert originally published in August 2017 and updated in June 2019.
WorkSafe recently accepted an enforceable undertaking offered by an early childhood education provider in relation to an incident in which a 5-year-old child at a childcare facility leaned on a window which broke, resulting in a severe wrist laceration.
WorkSafe's investigation found that the glass panel involved in the incident did not meet the requirements of the relevant Australian Standard, which requires glass within 1000 millimetres (one metre) of the floor level or ground level of childcare facilities to be Grade A safety glass.
Following the incident, WorkSafe conducted visits to early childhood education and care services, and observed a number of windows and doors with glass panels or inserts that may be a safety risk.
Glass panels in schools and early childhood and care services can be particularly vulnerable to human impact, for example when a person mistakes a fixed panel for a doorway or opening.
Recommended ways to control risks
The Australian Standard AS 1288-2006 (Glass in buildings – Selection and installation) sets out procedures to select and install glass in buildings subject to factors such as wind and human impact.
To reduce the risks associated with glass panels in early childhood education and care services, WorkSafe recommends that duty holders comply with AS 1288-2006 and also:
- check whether safety glass is installed by looking at the markings on the glass (safety glass is marked by a label of a type that cannot be removed and reused or by a permanent mark on the glass surface)
- if unsure whether a childcare facility contains safety glass which is compliant with AS 1288-2006, arrange for a glazier to attend the workplace to audit all windows and glass doors
- replace or protect glass from impact in medium or high impact zones if it does not have a legible and permanent marking that identifies it as safety glass
- fit safety glass or thicker annealed glass in areas of a building which are prone to human impact
- ensure people know where glass is located by making it as visible as possible, for example, by using stiles, translucent strips or bars, or by making the glass opaque
- if glass in a door or side panel is not obvious, mark it to be visible
- treat glass with a product that prevents glass from shattering if broken
- guard glass with barriers that prevent children from striking or falling against it
- regularly conduct inspections of the workplace, including all areas with glass
These risk control measures should also be considered when designing an early childhood education and care service. This includes all indoor and outdoor spaces and structures and taking the necessary precautions to reduce the risk of injuries that can result from glass breakage.
Under the Occupational Health and Safety Act 2004 (OHS Act), an employer must ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that persons other than employees of the employer are not exposed to risks to their health or safety arising from the conduct of the undertaking of the employer.
- AS 1288 – 2006 Glass in buildings - Selection and installation
- AS/NZS 2208 – 1996 Safety glazing materials in buildings
- AS 2047 - 2014 Windows and external glazed doors in buildings